Strengthening National Capacity to Manage Irregular Migration

IOM is currently working with the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) to ensure that borders are better managed and also that legitimate travel is facilitated.

Current areas of intervention include increasing the impact of IT at borders and at key NIS offices in-country as well as developing the use of intelligence gathering in operation and effective immigration control.

The Immigration and Border Management (IBM) team in Abuja has worked within government sectors on border management issues for many years and this knowledge base facilitates interventions in the areas of document fraud training, risk analysis and border post assessments. IOM aims to assist the Government of Nigeria commence the implementation of a sustainable strategy which would include maintaining a long-term commitment to change and capacity development within the NIS.

Project 1: EXPANDING LAND AND SEA BORDER DATA SYSTEMS IN NIGERIA (ELSBDS I) - Donors: The Federal Foreign Office of Germany and German Cooperation

IOM works to strengthen Nigeria Immigration Service’s capacity to oversee and manage cross-border movements at the country’s land and sea borders, reducing incidences of irregular migration and human trafficking. With initial support from EU, Japan and Switzerland, IOM provides the Migration Information and Data Analysis System (MIDAS) to facilitate digital data collection and storage. In addition to training of immigration officers for sustainability on the use of the technology, IOM also provides the solar-power technology required to ensure stable and regular use of MIDAS at different land and sea borders. Nigeria currently has MIDAS installed at 9 border control post.

Project 2: Facilitating Migration Through Supporting The Rollout Of Nigeria’s National Biometric Identification Card (NBIC) For Intra-ECOWAS Travel, And BIOMETRIC Registration Of Foreign Nationals (NBIC-REG Nigeria) - Donors: The Federal Foreign Office of Germany and German Cooperation

The NBIC initiative is designed to support Nigeria in meeting its own national goals of improved foreigner registration and harmonized biometric data, and in fulfilling its commitments under the December 2014 ECOWAS Decision. The two years (mid-2017 to mid-2019) project focuses on three main result areas: Ensuring that NIS is fully prepared organizationally and technically to begin issuance of a Nigerian NBIC; Developing and pilot testing a new foreigner registration system, inclusive of biometrics; Reviewing and aligning all NIS biometric data sets to ensure interoperability with other standards biometric data systems for identification and verification actions across all concerned agencies.


MIDAS installation at one additional border between Nigeria and Niger also supported by Solar Power System. More NIS officers at both the Service headquarters and the Border Control Post equipped will through this project be trained on the use of the MIDAS software. The project is also aimed at providing structured opportunities for enhanced cross-border cooperation at and near the newly equipped BCP between Nigeria and Niger. By Mid-2019, a total of 15 land border control post will have been equipped with MIDAS and supported by solar power.


In 2015, IOM supported the Nigeria Immigration Service to develop “corporate” Training Strategy with a new vision to meet NIS human resource development goals. The primary purpose of the Strategy is to provide strategic guidance to training within the Service to ensure that all personnel possess the knowledge, skills and behavioural characteristics needed to carry out the mandate and specific mission and duties of the Service in a manner consistent with its overall vision. IOM is supporting the implementation of this Programme through three different projects to be implemented in a total of six State Commands and the Service Headquarters

Project 5. Enhancing Air Border Data Systems in Nigeria - I (EABDS I, Nigeria) - Donor:  The Government of Denmark

IOM is working to significantly strengthen Nigeria Immigration Service’s (NIS) ability to inspect, control and facilitate cross-border movement at air borders through the use of the Migration Information and Data Analysis System (MIDAS). The EABDS project is aimed at installing MIDAS at the five major Nigeria’s international airports that operate year-round. MIDAS at the air borders will enable NIS to fully integrate INTERPOL and national watch list data into the air passenger screening system, and will also enable Government of Nigeria to implement Advanced Passenger Information (API batch) system, which is now required by ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization)